Did you know that the potential future effects of global climate change include more frequent wildfires, longer periods of drought in some regions and an increase in the number, duration and intensity of tropical storms

So, what’s the difference between Climate Change vs Global Warming?

There are so many misconceptions on what – Climate Change, Global Warming or the ‘Greenhouse Effect’ is… So, what are they and how do they affect us.. Or, the world as a whole? In short: Global warming refers only to the Earth’s rising surface temperature, while climate change includes warming and the “side effects” of warming—like melting glaciers, heavier rainstorms, or more frequent drought. Said another way, global warming is one symptom of the much larger problem of human-caused climate change.  Examples of Climate Change: 

Global temperature rise -Warming Oceans  -Shrinking Ice Sheets  -Glacier Retreat  -Decreased Snow Cover  – Sea Level Rise  – Declining Arctic Sea Ice  – Extreme Events

What’s the difference between Global Warming and Climate Change?

Global warming refers to the gradually rising temperatures of our earth’s surfaceThis phenomenon is attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxidechlorofluorocarbons and other pollutantsIt is attributed to the use of fossil fuels, farming and other human activity.


Climate change occurs when long-term weather patterns are altered. 
It includes the “side effects” of global warming such as melting glaciers and rising sea levels. As a result, there is an increase in the frequency and duration of storms, droughts, tsunamis, and wildfires. The earth, with her complex integrated climate systems, is also experiencing a surge in earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tornadoes and hurricanes.

Earthquakes

Earthquakes are caused when tectonic plates suddenly move or slip at fault lines. The release of energy causes seismic waves that make the ground shake. The largest earthquake in the world struck Chile in 1960 with a magnitude of 9.5!

Click here for access to earthquake lists, maps and statistics. You will leave our website and visit theUnited States Geological Survey’s user-friendly site: https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/browse/stats.php

Fires

The primary natural cause of wildfires is lightening. Some are caused by the spontaneous combustion of dry fuel (e.g., leaves, sawdust, dried plant matter). Four out of five fires are caused by humans from unattended or improperly extinguished campfires, tossed cigarettes, malfunctioning equipment and even arson. Whether natural or human-made, the effects of climate change have exacerbated the problem. Drought and hot winds have “fanned the flames.” According to National Geographicevery year in the United States 100,000 wildfires destroy 4 million to 5 million acres (1.6 million to 2 million hectares). In recent years, wildfires have burned up to 9 million acres (3.6 million hectares) of land.” Thousands must handle the trauma of losing their houses (and irreplaceable photos, collectibles, souvenirs, and heirlooms). Rebuilding a home and community from the ground up is no simple feat. Starting over can be emotionally challenging and the displaced need support of all kinds.

Tornados 

According to National Geographic, tornadoes form when warm, humid air collides with cold, dry air. The denser cold air is pushed over the warm air, usually producing thunderstorms. The warm air rises through the colder air, causing an updraft. Flying debris poses the most dangerous hazard to humans. The United States is the country with the highest frequency of tornados – on average, 1,000 each year. Texas (125), Oklahoma (57), Kansas (55) and Florida (55) are the worst.

Hurricanes

Hurricanes form over tropical and subtropical oceansin the Atlantic or eastern Pacific oceans. Moist, warmair rises rapidly, and when it encounters cooler air, water vapor condenses to form storm clouds. (These types of storms that form in the Indian Ocean and South Pacific are called “cyclones,” and those from the western Pacific are “typhoons.”)

Since the beginning of the 20th century, there has been an increase in the number of storms, and they are getting stronger and lasting longer. The five most costly hurricanes in the U.S. were Katrina in 2005 ($160 B), Harvey in 2017 ($125 B), Maria in 2017 ($90 B), Sandy in 2012 ($70.2 B), and Irma in 2017 ($50 B). Many victims of these storms have not yet resumed their normal lives or fully recuperated.

This image shows the eye of category 4 Hurricane Florence (Sept 2018) as it approaches the North and South Carolina coasts. 

Add this comment at the end (adapted from your black pages):

As a global family, we each have a responsibility to protect our shared environment – the air, water and earth. We must care for our fellow world citizens who have endured unimaginable loss; the lives of loved ones; their worldly possessions, homes and communities; their livelihoods; and their hope. Our approach is to supplement the good works of other organizations with additional resources – while keeping an eye toward rebuilding for a more sustainable future.

“What is the essence of life? To serve others and to do good.” – Aristotle

 

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